Data about the bills discussed within national parliament as well as votings on bills (not to mix with passed national law). Data on bills must be available for the current legislation period. Open data on the law-making process is crucial for parliamentary transparency: What does a bill text say and how does it change over time? Who introduces a bill? Who votes for and against it? Where is a bill discussed next, so the public can participate in debates? This data category draws on work by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Declaration of Parliamentary Openness.
The submitter assessed the usability of the data as follows (3 - little to no effort needed, 1 - extensive effort needed): 1
|Downloadable at once||Yes||All versions of a given bill can be downloaded at once.|
|Available free of charge||Yes|
|In an open and machine-readable format||[Original submitter comment]All the draft projects are in PDF, above there is a small summary in CSV format [Reviewer comment] Bills are only available in PDF. A list of all the bills proposed under the government of the current president is available in PDF, CVS and XLS format.|
|findable_steps||1. Research on the web for Panama Draft Legislation.|
|Collected by government||Yes|
|collector_name||Asamblea Nacional de Panama||National Assembly|
|characteristics||Content of bill, Author of bill, Status of bill||I changed the original submission to indicate that the status of bills is available. Although the status of the bills is not made explicit it is easy to derive by looking at the document for each bill. The PDF document for each bill includes all relevant documents for the bill as it moved through the legislative process. By looking at the versions of the bills available (and the resulting law if applicable) it is possible to determine where in the legislative process the bill is.|
|location||http://www.asamblea.gob.pa/anteproyectos-de-ley/ - National Assembly website node||[Original Submitter Comment] Center for judicial documentation of the judicial body. [Reviewer comment] The original submission had also enteredhttp://www.organojudicial.gob.pa/cendoj/cendojfields/anteproyectos-de-ley/ as a source. While some bills could be found on this website, the database does not seem to be complete as the last bills that were recorded were from 2014. So I am using the website of the National Assembly to review the submission.|
[Original submitter comment] Most drafts are available . The problem lies in the quality of the documents, which for some reason are sometimes printed, then scanned into PDFs and uploaded, rendering them unsearchable (document quality is also sometimes an issue). [Reviewer comment] I was a bit flexible in choosing to mark status of bill as present. There was no explicit statement as to the status of the bill. However, the legislative history of the bill is documented in the PDF document for each bill. The document contains all the versions of the bill. Each version of the bill is preceded by a letter by the Speaker of the House/President of Panama/Author of Bill which summarize the legislative history of the bill up to a certain point. For those bill that have become laws, the PDF document concludes with the full text of the resulting law and the date it came into force. On the other hand, like the original submitter, I could not find the two optional characteristics (transcripts and votes). B5 was also answered YES with some flexibility. There is no option to download in bulk all the bills. However, for any given bill one can download all the data at once (so I made no changes to B5).
I am accepting the submission because all the required characteristics are available in the dataset.