Data about the bills discussed within national parliament as well as votings on bills (not to mix with passed national law). Data on bills must be available for the current legislation period. Open data on the law-making process is crucial for parliamentary transparency: What does a bill text say and how does it change over time? Who introduces a bill? Who votes for and against it? Where is a bill discussed next, so the public can participate in debates? This data category draws on work by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Declaration of Parliamentary Openness.
The submitter assessed the usability of the data as follows (3 - little to no effort needed, 1 - extensive effort needed): 1
|Downloadable at once||No||The original submission and my original review had marked this as YES (because one can save an html page that contains all entries in the gazette for a given day- this includes several bills). However, in this updated review I am changing B5 to No after Enrique_Zapata's feedback on the forum. B5 can be answered with No if one considers that there is no official option on the website to download data in bulk.|
|Available free of charge||Yes|
|In an open and machine-readable format||Data is available in HTML only.|
|findable_steps||Search for draft laws or regulations at the Coingress or Federal Regulatory Reform Commission sites|
|Collected by government||Yes|
|collector_name||Congress and Federal Regulatory Reform Commission|
|characteristics||Content of bill, Author of bill, Votes on bill per member of parliament, Status of bill||Bills are listed based on the day they were proposed. Votes on bills per member are made available but only those bills that were approved and only for the votes that took place in the Camera de Diputados (not available for Senate votes). Transcripts of debates could not be found for any bill. The journey of the bill through the legislative process is available under the title of the bill.|
|location||http://gaceta.diputados.gob.mx/gp_iniciativas.html - Draft legislations in Congress||The original submission also includedhttps://www.gob.mx/cofemer/articulos/simir?idiom=es as a source. As a reviewer I disregarded this source because it seems to be geared more toward bureaucratic transparency (it lists resolutions, regulations of various departments/agencies) and it is not necessarily directed at proposed legislation.|
I chose to mark "votes on bills" as present. Information on votes is very consistently made available for bills approved by the House of Deputies. Because the information is made available for at least some bills, I have chosen to mark it as present. I was a bit more lax on this point because it is an optional characteristic. I made a change from the original submission to indicate that transcripts were not available, as I could not find them. There needs to be an important caveat to my decision to mark "status of bills" as present. I noticed that a lot of older bills (eg. from 2005) did not have any status updates on them other than "referred to so-and-so committee). Some other bills from the same year did have updates (eg. approved by Deputies on a certain date). I am not sure of the reason why so many bills did not have updates. It could be because the bills just died in committee or it just takes very long for certain bills to move through the legislative process (eg. some bills introduced in 2005 were only voted on by the deputies in 2010). It is also a possibility that the government was not consistent on updating the status of all bills online. If this is the case than "status of bills" would have to be changed accordingly and the "information up to date" would probably also have to change. I was not able to prove the possibility of the government inconsistently providing status updates, so I am marking "status of bills" as present and B6 as a YES. I updated the review after Enrique_Zapata's feedback. The only change that has been made is to change B5 to No.
This is an updated version on the original review. The original submission had been accepted because all the required characteristics are present in the data set.