Company Register 35% open

Brazil

What data is expected?

List of registered (limited liability) companies. The submissions in this data category do not need to include detailed financial data such as balance sheet, etc. Open data from company registers may be used for many ends: e.g. enabling customers and businesses to see with whom they deal, or to see where a company has registered offices. This definition draws on the work of OpenCorporates.

  • Name of company
  • Company address
  • Unique identifier of the company
  • Register available for entire country

How open is the data?

All answers

Question Answer Comment
Openly licenced Yes it's public domain.
In an open and machine-readable format i can not download the data.
Downloadable at once No i can only get the data from company to company once I've got the unique identifier number (CNPJ). and its not downloadable.
Up-to-date No The SRF (IRS equivalent) data is updated monthly.
Publicly available No To get the information i have to fill a captcha test.
Available free of charge Yes but i can only access it one by one. If i have the unique identifier i can use the IRS website, which has a captcha, to access available info. SERASA, a non government org sells a companies list info, they must buy the data from Receita (SRF), because it exists, it's not public available.
findable 2 i know how the SRF website works, but i have to have the CNPJ information to get the data. and to get the CNPJ number is hard. There is no official list, i have to look it up on the internet the company's name individually.
findable_steps I googled "companies data". i got the IBGE, which has agregate data. i also looked it up for "suppliers companies brazil" to get to the gov. suppliers. i can not get the a list of all the brazilian reistered companies that exists.
licence_url http://normas.receita.fazenda.gov.br/sijut2consulta/lin There is no clear license. The SRF Normative Ruling states that "§ 2o Consideram-se de domínio público os dados das pessoas físicas ou jurídicas, que, por força de lei, devam ser submetidos a registro público." which roughly translates to "it is considered public domain data from legal and natural persons, that, by law must be subjected to public record."
Collected by government Yes
usability 1 As I dont get to download a public list of registered companies to get the cnpj (unique identifier), it's hard to get the information about each company, let alone a list of it.
collector_name Receita Federal and IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística The Receita Federal (SRF) is the national equivalent for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), and it disposes individual information about companies. The brazilian institute for geography and statistics (IBGE) is a federal government agency and it aggregates data about brazilian companies by sector.
Controlled access Yes Results are behind a search mask and captcha code.
characteristics Name of company, Company address, Unique identifier of the company, Register available for entire country If i have the unique identifier I can use the SRF website, which has a captcha, to access available info. but i can not have access to a list, the data is available individually.
location http://www.receita.fazenda.gov.br/PessoaJuridica/CNPJ/c - individual information To look up the individual information at the Receita Federal webpage i need the CNPJ (unique identifier) numbers. I can get those numbers from the gov suppliers list, which is not a complete list of national companies, but a list of companies that are directly involved with the government.

While reviewing this submission, I have taken into consideration remarks made by Augusto Herrmann on the Open Knowledge forum. Indeed, while the submitter seems to have been very thoughtful in their response, and has actually found all major official sources of company data in Brazil, each of the different official sources have quite different characteristics. More specifically: Receita Federal do Brasil Access to company data in Brazil - on a federal level - is very limited. In order to access data, one needs to know the identification number (CNPJ) of the company. There is no service where people can search for the identification number if they only know the name. This is the official registry for taxation purposes, and the most reliable national registry of companies in Brazil. As the submitter mentioned, the query on their website only allows you to fetch information in one company at a time and you have to fill a Captcha to get it. Results are given in .HTML format and include Registration Number, Opening date, Business name, Title of establishment, Code and Description of the main economic activity, Code and Description of the secondary economic activities, Code and Description of the legal status, Public place, number, zip code, district, county, e-mail, phone, and registration status. Data cannot be downloaded in bulk and website's data update frequency is not known. One might argue that all company data is in the public domain in Brazil since according to Article 7, III of Law 9.610/1998 (Brazilian copyright law), databases are only copyrightable if their creation has involved a creative step ("criação intelectual"). A registry of companies is just a collection of factual information, so it is in fact not copyrightable. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE http://brasilemsintese.ibge.gov.br/servicos/numero-de-empresas-por-segmento-de-servico.html http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/pesquisas/cempre/ Brasil em síntese and the SIDRA system have aggregate data. While this may be useful for some purposes, aggregate data probably don't qualify for the company registry of the GODI, as it should have data on each individual company. Also, the data is offered as tables in a webpage, and there appears to be no download option. Ministério do Planejamento, Desenvolvimento e Gestão http://compras.dados.gov.br/fornecedores/v1/fornecedores.html http://dados.gov.br/dataset/compras-publicas-do-governo-federal There is an API call (and corresponding entry on the open data portal), on government suppliers, within the open data API for government procurement, acquisition and contracts. However, this is incomplete, as it only contains data on companies that have ever supplied goods or services to government, or those who have ever registered as a requirement for any businesses to be allowed to apply for a bid in public tenders. As an incomplete register of companies, this has not been considered to qualify for this dataset in previous editions of the Index. Ministério da Transparência, Fiscalização e Controladoria-Geral da União http://transparencia.gov.br/ Portal da Transparência also offers downloads for the same data of the registry of supplier companies. This is also incomplete and hasn't been considered to qualify in past editions of the Index. Juntas comerciais There is one of these in each of the 26 Brazilian states and federal district. They are the official registry of companies de jure, i.e. when you want to register a new company you go there. Some of them have a query form online that allows for some kind of search in company names, e.g. the one in the State of São Paulo. In the São Paulo example, the information available on each company is quite detailed, but you can only get one at a time and there is no kind of bulk download available. Some states require a login in order to search, e.g. states of Minas Gerais and Paraná. Others require you to fill an inquiry form and wait for a response from some public official, e.g. the state of Mato Grosso. Still others (e.g. Paraíba) offers to send you a listing of all companies registered in the state for a fee. Finally, some (e.g. Amapá) do not appear to even offer some basic kind of name discovery service, at least not that can be used by internet. In conclusion, it seems that the only way of accessing company data is via the Receita Federal do Brasil website but again, these are behind a search mask so one needs to know an entity's unique identifier in order to find it.

Meta data

Data location   http://www.receita.fazenda.gov.br/PessoaJuridica/CNPJ/c - individual information
Data licence   http://normas.receita.fazenda.gov.br/sijut2consulta/lin
Data format   Unknown
Reviewer   Evangelia Kampouri
Submitters   anonymous
Last modified   Thu Nov 24 2016 15:39:04 GMT+0000 (UTC)