Data about the bills discussed within national parliament as well as votings on bills (not to mix with passed national law). Data on bills must be available for the current legislation period. Open data on the law-making process is crucial for parliamentary transparency: What does a bill text say and how does it change over time? Who introduces a bill? Who votes for and against it? Where is a bill discussed next, so the public can participate in debates? This data category draws on work by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Declaration of Parliamentary Openness.
The submitter assessed the usability of the data as follows (3 - little to no effort needed, 1 - extensive effort needed): 1
|Openly licenced||Yes||CC BY 3.0 AT|
|Downloadable at once||No|
|Available free of charge||Yes|
|In an open and machine-readable format||XML||https://www.data.gv.at/katalog/dataset/0d207682-c031-4cd0-af4d-9d40d229b57e provides an RSS feed in XML to the meta data of each bill|
|findable_steps||I went to the website of the Austrian Parliament, https://www.parlament.gv.at, then clicked on "Parliament aktiv" ("Parliament active") and then clicked on "Regierungsvorlagen und Gesetzesinitativen" (Government bills and initiated laws). Typing "parlament gesetzesentwürfe" into Google showed the correct page on the Parliament's website as the second result (the first was for public consultations on draft bills).||Correct.|
|Collected by government||Yes|
|usability||1||To make the data usable, a scraper has to be used|
|characteristics||Content of bill, Author of bill, Status of bill||Authors are in almost all cases ministries. The site names the ministry that initiated the bill (not the civil servants who drafted it). Debates are only available when the bill is discussed in the plenary, not when earlier drafts are discussed in committee (most committees are non-public). Votes in committee and in plenary are released per party/fraction, not per member of parliament.|
|location||https://www.parlament.gv.at/PAKT/RGES/ - Website of the Austrian Parliament, https://www.data.gv.at/katalog/dataset/0d207682-c031-4c - Entry on the Austrian open government data portal, data.gv.at||Websites can be translated but they do not appear to be offered in English.|
As per instructions, it makes sense not to be overly restrictive with draft legislation data and to accept submissions if they do not meet all our characteristics. This data set has 3 of the 5 criteria content, author and status. It is easy to find and readily available. To be specific - Authors are in almost all cases ministries. The site names the ministry that initiated the bill (not the civil servants who drafted it). Debates are only available when the bill is discussed in the plenary, not when earlier drafts are discussed in committee (most committees are non-public). Votes in committee and in plenary are released per party/fraction, not per member of parliament.